Neodymium doped yttrium vanadate (Nd:YVO4) is a very efficient laser host crystal which is available for diode laser pumped solid state lasers. It is an excellent crystal for a high power, stable and cost effective solid state laser sources due to a high laser induced damage threshold, good mechanical and optical properties, a large stimulated emission cross-section at lasing wavelength, a high absorption coefficient and a wide absorption bandwidth at pumping wavelength. Recent developments have shown that Nd:YVO4 can produce powerful and stable IR, green, blue lasers with the design of Nd:YVO4 and frequency doubling crystals.
Low lasing threshold and high slope efficiency
Large stimulated emission cross-section at lasing wavelength
High absorption over a wide pumping wavelength bandwidth
Uniaxial and large birefringence, emits polarized laser
Low dependency on pumping wavelength and easy to get single mode output